General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was a multilateral agreement regulating international trade. According to its preamble, its purpose was the "substantial reduction of tariffs and other trade barriers and the elimination of preferences, on a reciprocal and mutually advantageous basis." It was negotiated during the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment and was the outcome of the failure of negotiating governments to create the International Trade Organization (ITO). GATT was signed by 23 nations in Geneva on October 30, 1947 and took effect on January 1, 1948. It lasted until the signature by 123 nations in Marrakesh on April 14, 1994 of the Uruguay Round Agreements, which established the World Trade Organization (WTO) on January 1, 1995.
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) en Español
= Acuerdo General sobre Aranceles y Comercio (GATT). Ex: The USA has pursued these objectives through 2 principal avenues -- bilateral negotiations with specific countries and multilateral negotiations through the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT).