transplant of tissue from and into the same patient (Medicine)
Autotransplantation is the transplantation of organs, tissues, or even particular proteins from one part of the body to another in the same person ( = "self-"). The autologous tissue (also called autogenous, autogeneic, or autogenic tissue) transplanted by such a procedure is called an autograft or autotransplant. It is contrasted with allotransplantation (from other individual of same species) and xenotransplantation (from other species). A common example is the removal of a piece of bone (usually from the hip) and its being ground into a paste for the reconstruction of another portion of bone.
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1. tissue that is taken from one site and grafted to another site on the same person; "skin from his thigh replaced the burned skin on his arms"
(hypernym) graft, transplant
graft, transplant made using parts of the patient's own body
A tissue or organ removed from an individual and transplanted back into the same individual. For instance, an individual suffering from pancreatitis requiring removal of the pancreas could have (if he or she is not diabetic), his or her islets extracted from the pancreas and transplanted into the liver as an "autograft" to prevent diabetes.
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